Rydvanskiy R and Hedley N (in press). "3D geovisualization interfaces as flood risk management platforms: capability, potential and implications for practice". Cartographica.


Çöltekin, A.; Lochhead, I.; Madden, M.; Christophe, S.; Devaux, A.; Pettit, C.; Lock, O.; Shukla, S.; Herman, L.; Stachoň, Z.; Kubíček, P.; Snopková, D.; Bernardes, S.; Hedley, N. (2020). Extended Reality in Spatial Sciences: A Review of Research Challenges and Future Directions. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 439.


Hedley, N and Lochhead, IM (2020). Turning 3D data surveys of intertidal zones into new modes of 3D visualization, simulation and spatial interface experiences. Archives of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. #1946.


Lochhead, IM and Hedley N. (2020). 3D modelling in temperate waters: building rigs and data science to support glass sponge monitoring efforts in coastal British Columbia. Archives of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. #1157.


Rydvanskiy, R. and Hedley N. (2019). Emerging visualization interfaces and their implications for flood risk perception and management. IEEE VIS 2019 CityVis Workshop proceedings. IEEE VIS 2019, CityVis Workshop, Vancouver, Canada


Lochhead IM and Hedley N. (2019). Benchmarking Structure from Motion Methods for Monitoring Marine Benthos in Three Dimensions. (in review)


Lochhead IM and Hedley N. (2019). Evaluating the 3-D integrity of underwater structure from motion workflows used to characterize temperate marine benthos. (in review)


Lochhead I, Hedley N. (2018). Using situated augmented reality geovisualizations to contextualize 3D simulations of human movement in real space. International Journal of Digital Earth.


Lochhead IM and Hedley N. (2018). Communicating multilevel evacuation context using situated augmented reality. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences. Volume IV-4/W6 2018: 33-40.


Lochhead IM, Hedley N. (2017). Modelling evacuation in institutional space: linking3D data capture, simulation, analysis and visualization workflows for risk assessment and communication. Information Visualization.

Fenech A, Hedley N, Chen A, Clark A. (2017). Building a Tool for Visualizing the Impacts of Climate Change on Prince Edward Island, Canada.Leal Filho W. Climate Adaptation in North America.1(1): 225-238. Springer Science.


Hedley N. (2017). Augmented reality. Richardson D, Castree N, Goodchild M, Kobayashi A, Liu W, Marston R. International Encyclopedia of Geography. 1: 1-13. Wiley and Sons/Associates of American Geographers.


Hedley N. (2017). Augmented reality and GIS. Cova T, Tsou M-H. Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems. (1): 1-20. Elsevier.


Brown KR, Savo V, Lepofsky D, Hedley N, Aagesen S, Lochhead IM, Dewit M, Morgenstern W, Benoy N, Housty J, Jorgenson L, Housty L, Starr K, Carpenter J, Reid L. (2016). Assessing vulnerability of the Heiltsuk community to sea level rise - combining 3D visualization tools and local knowledge. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada – Climate Change Adaptation Program Final REPORT project # C6-503. 68. Heiltsuk First Nation.


2. Miles S, Ritchie L, Poland CD, Xiao Y, Hedley N. (2016). Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) Resilience Observatory Case Study Report: Use of Data for Measuring and Monitoring Recovery following the Canterbury Earthquake Sequence. 50. National Science Foundation.


Miles SB, Ritchie L, Hedley N, Poland C, Xiao Y. (2016). Data Driven Recovery Decision Making after the2010-2011 Canterbury Earthquakes. Proceedings. 4th International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction. Wellington New Zealand., Wellington, New Zealand


Ritchie L, Miles SB, Hedley N, Poland C, Xiao Y. (2016). Data Practices Among Key Stakeholders following the2010-2011 Canterbury Earthquakes. Proceedings, 4th International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction. 4th International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction, Wellington, New Zealand


Lonergan C, Hedley N. (2015). Unpacking isovists: a framework for 3D spatial visibility analysis. Cartography and Geographic Information Science. 43(2): 87-102.


Lonergan C, Hedley N, Clague JJ. (2015). A visibility-based assessment of tsunami evacuation signs in Seaside. Natural Hazards. 78(1): 41–59. 


Lonergan, C. and N. Hedley (2014). Flexible mixed reality and situated simulation as emerging forms of geovisualizationCartographica 49:3, 2014, pp. 175-187. University of Toronto Press. DOI: 10.3138/carto.49.3.2440.

Ricker, B.A., Hedley, N., and S. Daniel. (2014). Fuzzy boundaries: Hybridizing Location-based Services, Volunteered Geographic Information and Geovisualization LiteratureGeography Compass  8: 490-504. DOI: 10.1111/gec3.12138. Link to paper.

Hedley, N. (In press). Virtual Reality and Cartography in the Twentieth Century. In Monmonier, M. (Ed.) History of Cartography in the Twentieth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Amram, O., Schuurman, N. Hedley, N., and M. Hameed. (2012). A web-based model to support patient-to-hospital allocation in mass casualty incidentsJournal of Trauma

Kurowski, M.J., Hedley, N. and J. Clague. (2011). Evaluating the Design of Pacific Northwest Tsunami Evacuation Maps.Natural Hazards.

Hedley, N. (Forthcoming). Real-time reification: how mobile augmented reality may redefine our relationship with geographic space. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer.

Hedley, N. (Forthcoming). Unlocking the third dimension in 3D time-space visualization. Accepted for publication in Cartography and Geographic Information Science.

Shelton, B. E. & Hedley, N. R. (2003). Exploring a Cognitive Foundation for Learning Spatial Relationships with Augmented Reality. Technology, Instruction, Cognition and Learning, Volume 1, No. 4. Philadelphia, PA: Old City Publishing.

Hedley, N., Billinghurst, M., Postner, L., May, R. and Kato, H. (2002). Explorations in the use of Augmented Reality for Geographic Visualization. Presence, 11(2), 119-133. MIT Press.

Slocum, T. A., Blok, C., Jiang, B., Koussoulakou, A., Montello, D.A., Fuhrmann, S., and N.R. Hedley. (2001). Cognitive and Usability Issues in Geovisualization. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, Volume 28 (1): 61-75.

Hedley, N.R., Drew, C.H., Arfin, E., and A. Lee. (1999). Hagerstrand Revisited: Interactive Space-Time Visualizations of Complex Spatial Data. Informatica, Volume 23 (4): 155-168.

Refereed Papers in Conference Proceedings:

Benoy, N., Koziatek, O., Loader, D., Chen, A., Lonergan, C., and N. Hedley (2013). Developing 3D Hurricane Geovisualizations to Inform Risk Management and MitigationProceedings of 2013 ESRI User Conference, Vancouver Canada November 13, 2013. Paper can be found by city/date/paper title in online proceedings at:

Hedley, N., Aagesen, S., and C. Lonergan. 2013. Documenting situated tsunami risk perception in coastal environmentsProc. 11th Intl. Symp. for GIS and Computer Cartography for Coastal Zone Mgmt (CoastGIS 2013). Victoria, Canada: 74-76.

Koziatek, O. and N. Hedley. 2013. Using a 3D physics-based visualization environment to help citizens understand arrival of marine debris moving at different depthsProc. 11th Intl. Symp. for GIS and Computer Cartography for Coastal Zone Mgmt (CoastGIS 2013). Victoria, Canada: 70-73.

Hedley, N. and C. Lonergan. 2012. Controlling virtual clouds and making it rain particle systems in real spaces using situated augmented simulation and portable virtual environments. XXII ISPRS Congress, 25 August – 01 September 2012, Melbourne, Australia. International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XXXIX-B2, 2012: 113-117.

Hedley, N. 2012. Capturing dynamic maps of risk perception in real communities: using mobile networks and citizen sensors to improve situated tsunami hazard awareness. Paper 310 in Proceedings of the 9th International ISCRAM Conference – Vancouver, Canada, April 2012 L. Rothkrantz, J. Ristvej and Z. Franco, eds.

Aasen, H., Hedley, N. and I.Tromp van Meerveld. (2010). Connecting expert field research with conceptual learning: A user-driven 3D geovisualization interface to explore temporal and spatial properties of transient groundwater responses. Proceedings of the 3rdInternational Digital Earth Summit. June 12-14, 2010, UACEG, Sophia, Bulgaria.

Hedley, N. (2010). Visualizing green energy potential and environmental performance in BC: A snapshot of tools to engage citizens and students. Proceedings of Building a Vision for Green Energy in B.C. Nov. 3–4 2009, Morris J Wosk Centre for Dialogue, Vancouver, B.C.

Hedley, N.R. (2003) Empirical Evidence for Advanced Geographic Visualization Interface Use. Proceedings of the 2003 International Cartographic Association’s International Cartographic Congress (ICC 2003), August 10-16 2003, Durban, South Africa.

Woolard, A., Lalioti, V., Hedley, N.R., Carrigan, N., Hammond, M., and J. Julien. (2003). Case Studies in the Application of Augmented Reality in Future Media Production. 2003 IEEE / ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2003), 7-10 October 2003, Tokyo, Japan. IEEE Computer Society 2003, ISBN 0-7695-2006-5: 294-295.

Campbell, B.D., Collins, P., Hadaway, H., Hedley, N.R. and M. Stoermer. (2002). Web 3D in Ocean Science Learning Environments: Virtual Big Beef Creek. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on 3D Web Technology (Web3D 2002), February 24- 28, 2002, Tempe, AZ. Sponsored by ACM SIGGRAPH and the WEB3D Consortium, in cooperation with Eurographics.

Shelton B.E., and Hedley, N.R. (2002) Using Augmented Reality for Teaching Earth-Sun Relationships to Undergraduate Geography Students. Proceedings of the First IEEE International Augmented Reality Toolkit Workshop, Darmstadt, Germany, September 2002. ACM Press.

Hedley, N.R., Postner, L., Billinghurst, M. and R. May. (2001). Collaborative AR for Geographic Visualization. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Mixed Reality, Yokohama, Japan, March 14-16, 2001. The Virtual Reality Society of Japan: 11-18.

Winn, W., Windschitl, M. and N. R. Hedley. (2001b). Learning Science in an Immersive Virtual Environment. American Educational Research Association (AERA) Annual Meeting 2001, Seattle, March 2001.

Winn, W., Windschitl, M. and N. R. Hedley. (2001a). Using immersive visualizations to promote the understanding of complex natural systems: Learning inside virtual Puget Sound. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research on Science Teaching (NARST), St. Louis, Missouri, March, 2001

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